REGNET SOLUTIONS: INDONESIA RESEARCH NOTES

Last Updated: 8 February 2021

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Overview

What are the different types of regulatory documents in Indonesia and what are their functions?

What is the current state Electric Vehicle regulations in Indonesia?

Does Indonesia regulate Autonomous Vehicles?  What is the current state of AV regulations?

Cars and Trucks (M, N, and O-Category) vehicles – Meeting EU standards

Two and Three-wheeled vehicles (L-Category) - Meeting EU standards

 

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RegNet Solutions, LLC does not provide legal or engineering advice. This material has been provided for informational purposes, and it is not intended to provide, nor should it be relied on for, legal or engineering advice.

 

Overview

This document has been designed to help our regulatory compliance customers navigate Indonesian regulations.  RegNet Focus includes coverage of Indonesia's pollutant and noise emissions and battery electric vehicle regulations only. 

The Ministry of Environment and Forestry (Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan), is responsible for establishing and enforcing emissions regulations.  Other standards, both mandatory and voluntary, may be obtained for a fee from BSN, the National Standardization Agency of Indonesia. Other agencies involved in regulations related to vehicles include:


·       The Ministry of Industry – with concern to materials, parts, and products

·       The Ministry of Trade – with concern to imports and labelling

·       The Ministry of Finance – with concern to import duties and taxes

 

What are the different types of regulatory documents in Indonesia and what are their functions? For example, in Europe, there are Directives, Decisions and other documents.

Emissions regulations are Ministerial Regulations and Ministerial Decrees. The hierarchy of Indonesian law is illustrated in the table below. 

 

Before issuing a new regulation, a draft will be published in the agency website.  Drafts are open to the public for comment and discussion. Members of the public may also request a new regulation. Inquiries may be sent to the related ministry (e.g., Ministry of the Environment), for further discussion and consideration.

 

Hierarchy of Laws of Indonesia

Undang-Undang Dasar 1945

Constitution; the highest law

Ketetapan MPR

MPR (People's Consultative Assembly) Decision.

Made by the People's Representative Council as the highest legislative institution in Indonesia

Undang-Undang

Law

PP Pengganti Undang-Undang

Government Regulation In Lieu of Law

Peraturan Pemerintah

Government Regulation (explain how the regulation should be implemented)

a. Peraturan Presiden

Presidential Regulation

b. Keputusan Presiden

Presidential Decree (Decision)

c. Instruksi Presiden

Presidential Instruction (Directive)

d. Peraturan Menteri

Ministerial Regulation

e. Keputusan Menteri

Ministerial Decree (Decision)

f. Instruksi Menteri

Ministerial Instruction (Directive)

Regional, Provincial & Local Laws

 

What is the current state Electric Vehicle regulations in Indonesia?

In 2020, a suite of regulations were issued to promote the safe construction of, or conversion to, electric vehicles.  These regulations, which can be found on RegNet's site (subscription required) include type approval, requirements for special vehicles (e.g. scooters, electric bicycles, etc.) and the conversion of fuel-based vehicles to electric. 

Does Indonesia regulate Autonomous Vehicles?  What is the current state of AV regulations?

As of February 2021, Indonesia does not have autonomous vehicle regulations. 

 

M, N, and O Category Vehicles – Meeting EU Standards

As of October 2018, Indonesia is at Euro 4 standards for new M, N, and O category vehicles as per Regulation P.20.  See article 2, paragraph 1 and Appendix I. 

 

Two and Three-wheeled vehicles (L-Category) - Meeting EU standards

Indonesia is currently at Euro 3 standards.  The chart below provides a roadmap of EU standard equivalency across Asia.